CLINTON COUNTY, OHIO QUAKER SAMPLER
Clinton County, Ohio Quaker Sampler
Maris (Marie) Mendenhall
Silk on linen, 15.5” high, 17.5” wide
Condition: some toning and staining, some stitching loss in the top line of text
A central vignette of a shepherd, his flock, and his dog, in front of a house, underneath a verse, and over “Marie Mendenhall / Clinton County Ohio / 1832” and geese, all surrounded by a floral vine.
The verse reads “When my days on earth shall end, / And I go hence to be no more, / Give me eternity to spend, / My God to praise for evermore.” This verse appears in several 18th-century New England primers.
Maris Mendenhall was born on January 9, 1805 in the Springfield Monthly Meeting, Guilford County, North Carolina to Nathan (1774-1847) and Nancy (1773-1857). In various documentary sources, she appears as “Marie,” “Mariss,” and “Maris.”
She came west to Ohio with her family in 1805 or 1806 as in 1806, her sister, Elizabeth, was born in Clinton County in 1806. Elizabeth’s sampler, also date 1832 and of a nearly identical design, is illustrated in Sue Studebaker’s landmark Ohio is My Dwelling Place (p. 76). That the samplers of Maris and Elizabeth, as well as Phebe Doan (dated 1834 and illustrated in Studebaker, p. 77) all are of the same overall design, it is likely that they all received instruction from the same teacher, probably in Wilmington. According to Sue Studebaker, Elizabeth Satterthwaite’s 1830 sampler (illustrated in Studebeker, p. 46) was stitched in Wilmington, although the Satterthwaite family lived in Waynesville. Her sampler is a more complex version of the same design as the Mendenhall and Doan samplers.
The year after Maris worked her sampler, she married James Hartman (1/20/1795-7/17/1866) of Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia). The couple remained in Clinton County their entire lives, had two children (Nathan George and Jonathan Hadley), and are buried in Wilmington.
Maris appears in numerous period documents, including the 1850 and 1860 census, a probate document related to her late husband, their marriage record, and an excerpt from the 1915 History of Clinton County, Ohio: Its People, Industries and Institutions.